January 31, 2022
What is Roof Pitch?
What is Roof Pitch?
A roof pitch is a practical measuring system in the construction industry. The system allows builders to determine the roof’s steepness by diving the vertical rise of the roof pitch by slant, angle, or slope. These three elements play a crucial role in the rising and falling of a roof. Therefore, using the roof pitch is essential.
The ratio is a vital indicator of the roof pitch divided by two numbers, 1/12 and 5/12, depending on the project’s needs. The first number is the numerator that indicates the height of the roof. In contrast, the second number is the denominator that shows the roof’s horizontal length.
Builders use roof pitches to determine the material type used on the roof. Not only does it help in deciding the aesthetics and style of the roof, but it also ensures long-term durability. Roof pitches can also determine the time required for removing water and debris from the roof. Read on!
Types of Roof Pitches
Low-pitched and high-pitched roofs are the most common and widely used roof pitches. Low-pitched roofs became popular in the 1960s. Although these roofs appear flat, they have 1/12 pitch. In addition, low-pitched roods have a slight slope that allows water drainage.
Flat roofs are the most common examples of low-pitched roofs widely used in residential and commercial buildings. Because green roofs have become popular, architects and engineers prefer low-slope designs.
Moreover, many homes fall in Australia within the moderation 4/12 and steep 8/12 ratios. However, these roofs repair can be customized according to the project’s requirements. For example, you can make a very flat or very steep roof. On the other hand, high-pitched roofs are more popular with houses of the Victorian era. These homes have steep roofs of 18/12 ratio.
Choosing the suitable material is a necessary step when building a roof. Experts say that roof pitches must adhere to the materials recommended for construction. The reason is that not all materials work with roof pitches or slopes. That’s why builders use the correct roof pitches steeper than 12/12.
The most common materials are rubber membrane with slopes ranging between 25/12 and 3/12, asphalt shingles with slopes between 4/12 and 20/12, and standing-seam metal with slopes between 25/12 and 19/12. Other materials include wood and slate shingles with slopes between 5/12 and 12/12 and Built-up BUR with 25/12 to 3/12 slopes.
A roof’s pitch plays a crucial role in determining a building’s roof steepness. Research shows builders can’t use every material with each roof pitch. It means some materials align better with flat roofs, while others do not work better.
That’s why builders must choose the suitable material that goes well with the roof pitch to achieve more durability. Lastly, roof pitch offers increased protection against harsh weather conditions, including heavy winds, rainfall, and snowfall. It also provides thermal efficiency, leading to increased energy savings.